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PostSubject: Crime Book   Wed Jul 21, 2010 9:51 am

- Crime Book -



Offence against the person

Assault - Also known as "simple" assault. The threat or attempt to strike another, whether successful or not, provided the target is aware of the danger. A person is guilty of simple assault if he attempts to cause or purposely, knowingly or recklessly causes bodily injury to another; or causes bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon or other means likely to produce death or serious bodily harm. Directly threatening to assault another person is called verbal assault.

Aggravated Assault - A person is guilty of aggravated assault if he attempts to cause serious bodily injury to another or causes such injury purposely, knowingly, or recklessly under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life; or attempts to cause or purposely or knowingly causes bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon. In all jurisdictions statutes punish such aggravated assaults as assault with intent to murder (or rob or kill or rape) and assault with a dangerous (or deadly) weapon more severely than "simple" assaults.

Sexual Assault - Sexual assault is an assault of a sexual nature on another person. While sexual assaults are associated with the crime of rape, it may cover assaults which would not be considered rape.

Battery - Battery is a criminal offense involving unlawful physical contact, distinct from assault in that the contact is not necessarily violent. In the United States, Criminal battery, or simply battery, is the use of force against another, resulting in harmful or offensive contact.

Murder

First Degree Murder - Murder in the first degree is defined as an unlawful killing that is both willful and premeditated, meaning that it was committed after planning or "lying in wait" for the victim.

Second Degree Murder - Murder in the second degree is defined as an willful unlawful killing without a legal reason, but with no planning and premeditating before committing the crime.

Felony Murder - Felony murder is a killing that happens during the course of the commission of a felony. Even a death that is an accident, will be considered felony murder by most states if it happens while a felony is being committed. If 3 people are involved in robbing a bank and one of them shoots a guard, against the wishes of the others, all 3 would be guilty of felony murder, since they willingly participated in the felony.

Vehicular Homicide - Vehicular homicide (also known as vehicular manslaughter) in most states in the United States, is a crime. In general, it involves death that results from the negligent operation of a vehicle, or more so a result from driving whilst committing an unlawful act that does not amount to a felony.

Kidnapping - In criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away or transportation of a person against the person's will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment, a confinement without legal authority. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime.


Crimes against law and order

Bribery - Bribery, a form of pecuniary corruption, is an act implying money or gift given that alters the behavior of the recipient. Bribery constitutes a crime and is defined as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions of an official or other person in charge of a public or legal duty. The bribe is the gift bestowed to influence the recipient's conduct. It may be any money, good, right in action, property, preferment, privilege, emolument, object of value, advantage, or merely a promise or undertaking to induce or influence the action, vote, or influence of a person in an official or public capacity.

Disorderly Conduct - A person who recklessly, knowingly, or intentionally engages in fighting or in tumultuous conduct; or makes unreasonable noise and continues to do so after being asked to stop; or disrupts a lawful assembly of persons; or his actions result in disturbing the order in some way. Police may use a disorderly conduct charge to keep the peace when people are behaving in a disruptive manner to themselves or others, but present no serious public danger. Disorderly conduct is typically classified as a violation or misdemeanor.

Failure to comply - Failure to comply in general means a failure, refusal, or neglect to obey an official order. Failure to comply may be a criminal (punishable by incarceration) or civil offense (punishable by fine), depending on the type of order that was disobeyed. For example, failing to comply with a police order to pull your car off the road and fleeing is a generally a criminal offense.

Evading Arrest - Evading an arrest is when a person commits an offense if he intentionally flees from a person he knows is a peace officer attempting lawfully to arrest or detain him.

Resisting Arrest - Resisting arrest is a term used to describe a criminal charge against an individual who has committed at least one of the following acts: eluding a police officer who is attempting to arrest the individual; or, using or threatening to use force against an officer during an arrest; or, providing an officer with false identification (either verbally or by presentation of a false official document, i.e. a fake ID). Resisting arrest using force may end with assault against an officer.

Aid - A person is guilty of aid if they do or omit to do anything for the purpose of aiding (helping) another person to commit and offence. Refers to physical acts or omissions.

Abet - A person is guilty of abetting if they encourage another (the principal) with words or acts, and intend to encourage him in committing a crime.


Crimes against property

Arson - Arson is the crime of intentionally and maliciously setting fire to structures or wildland areas.

Blackmail - Blackmail is the crime of threatening to reveal substantially true information about a person to the public, a family member, or associates unless a demand made upon the victim is met. This information is usually of an embarrassing, socially damaging, and/or criminally incriminating nature.

Burglary - Burglary (also called "breaking and entering" and sometimes "housebreaking") is a crime, the essence of which is an unlawful entry into a building for the purposes of committing an offence. Usually that offence will be theft, but most jurisdictions specify others which fall within the ambit of burglary.

Extortion - Extortion, outwresting, or exaction is a criminal offense which occurs when a person unlawfully obtains either money, property or services from a person, entity, or institution, through coercion. Refraining from doing harm is sometimes euphemistically called protection. Extortion is commonly practiced by organized crime groups. The actual obtainment of money or property is not required to commit the offense. Making a threat of violence which refers to a requirement of a payment of money or property to halt future violence is sufficient to commit the offense.

Robbery - Robbery is the crime of seizing property through violence or intimidation. Among the types of robbery are piracy, armed robbery involving use of a weapon, and aggravated robbery involving use of a deadly weapon or something that appears to be a deadly weapon. Highway robbery or "mugging" takes place outside and in a public place such as a sidewalk, street, or parking lot.

Armed Robbery - A person commits the felony crime of Armed Robbery if, while they are committing a Robbery, carry or are armed with a dangerous weapon. The weapon doesn’t have to be a firearm, it has to be a dangerous weapon.

Grand Theft Auto - Grand theft auto is the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle.

Vandalism - Willful or malicious destruction of public or private property.


Vehicle movement crimes

Driving Under Influence - Driving under influence is defined as an unlawful operating of a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Reckless Driving - Reckless driving is a mental state in which the driver displays a wanton disregard for the rules of the road. The driver often misjudges common driving procedures, often causing accidents and other damages. Reckless driving is a major moving traffic violation, punishable with imprisonment.

Street Racing - Street racing is a form of unsanctioned and illegal motor racing which takes place on public roads.

Hit and Run - Hit-and-run is the crime of colliding with a person, their personal property (including their motor vehicle), or a fixture, and failing to stop and identify oneself afterwards.


Weapon related crimes

Illegal Firearms Distribution - Illegal firearms trading is unlawfully trading and selling firearms in exchange for something (usually money), without having a gun dealer license.

Illegal Firearms Purchase - When a person knowingly purchases or attempts to purchase unlawfully a weapon without a license. A person would usually buy unlawfully a weapon from a illegal weapon seller.

Possession of an Illegal Firearm - Also known as possession of an illicit firearm. When a person is in possession and carries a firearm, without a gun license or which is not his property. Or a firearm, banned by the gun legislation laws, such as the M4, AK47, Sniper, Combat Shotgun, Sawed Off Shotgun and pistols with silencers amongst all.

Illegal Weapon Manufacture - When a person unlawfully manufactures a weapon without a gun company license.

Unlawful Use of Weapon - Unlawful Use of Weapon, also known as UUW, is when a person uses his weapon in a unlawful way.


Drug related crimes

Illegal Drug Possession - Illegal Drug possession is the crime of having one or more illegal drugs in one's possession, either for personal use, distribution, sale or otherwise. Illegal drugs fall into different categories and sentences vary depending on the amount, type of drug, circumstances, and jurisdiction.

Illegal Drug Manufacturing - When someone manufactures and produces various kinds and amounts of drugs.

Illegal Drug Distribution - Illegal drug trading is when a person unlawfully trading and exchanging drugs, and also illegal drugs for something in return (usually money).

Illegal Drug Purchase - Illegal drug purchase is when a person knowingly tries to purchase or purchases drugs unlawfully.

Illegal Drug Use - Is the crime when a person consumes at his own will banned illegal drugs.



Crime Involvement

Attempt - Attempt crimes are crimes where the defendant's actions have the form of the actual enaction of the crime itself: the actions must go beyond mere preparation. The essence of the crime of attempt is that the defendant has failed to commit the actus reus (the Latin term for the "guilty act") of the full offense, but has the direct and specific intent to commit that full offense.

Complicity - An individual is complicit in a crime if he/she is aware of its occurrence and has the ability to report the crime, but fails to do so. As such the individual effectively allows criminals to carry out a crime despite easily being able to stop them, either directly or by contacting the authorities, thus making the individual a de-facto accessory to the crime rather than an innocent bystander.

Accomplice - At law, an accomplice is a person who actively participates in the commission of a crime, even though they take no part in the actual criminal offense. For example, in a bank robbery, the person who points the gun at the teller and asks for the money is guilty of armed robbery. However, anyone else directly involved in the commission of the crime, such as the lookout or the getaway car driver, is an accomplice, even though in the absence of an underlying offense keeping a lookout or driving a car would not be an offense.

Conspiracy - In the criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to break the law at some time in the future, and, in some cases, with at least one overt act in furtherance of that agreement. There is no limit on the number participating in the conspiracy and, in most countries, no requirement that any steps have been taken to put the plan into effect (compare attempts which require proximity to the full offence).
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